Strategy: The P-E-T model

Hendricson and Kleffner (2002) give us the P-E-T Model to help facilitate student success. The P-E-T Model can be summed up by the following:

  • Prime – prepare students for the task with reminders and key elements
  • Partition – divide the task into manageable components
  • Praise – praise and encouragement are essential
  • Empathy – share your stories from when you were a student and provide hints about how you improved your performance
  • Expectations – explore what students can and cannot do at this level of training
  • Teach – actively provide demonstrations, rehearsals, and helpful feedback
  • Help – focus on helping the student rather than evaluating performance
  • Model – ask for self-critique through feedback from your peers in front of students

[1] Hendricson, W.D. & Kleffner, J.H. (2002). Assessing and Helping Challenging Students: Part One, Why Do Some Students Have Difficulty Learning? Journal of Dental Education, 66(1): 43-61. Available online at: