Establish guidelines and expectations

Establishing guidelines or leaning objectives/goals in the beginning of a clinical placement helps to let the student know what is expected of them [1]. The following points are helpful to include in a ‘first’ discussion about feedback and evaluation:

How evaluation and feedback are important to help them meet expected learning goals/objectives.

  • The evaluation schedule (i.e. mid-point, during, or end of placement)
  • How the student prefers to receive feedback
  • What were the student’s previous experiences with receiving feedback?
  • An explanation of how you prefer to structure it into the placement

Creating an understanding of the feedback/evaluation process can ‘break the ice’ and normalize the idea of both positive and constructive feedback.

It also makes it much easier to provide informal feedback in practice situations as the need arises.

[1] Ende, J. (1983). Feedback in clinical medical education. Journal of American Medical Association, 250(6), 777-781. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340060055026